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Jungheinrich Group

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The Jungheinrich Group is one of the four largest suppliers of industrial trucks, warehousing technology, and materials flow technology in the world.[1]

Jungheinrich’s sales operations are concentrated in Germany with headquarters in Hamburg and 17 direct sales network sites in other German cities; it is the leading supplier of warehousing technology in Europe. The company also has sales and service branches in 31 countries outside of Europe. These countries include Norway, Spain, USA, Russia, and China.

The company began exclusively as a material handling equipment producer but has grown to be a provider of manufacturing logistics services as well.


[edit] History

[edit] Establishing the Company and Early Progress

The Jungheinrich Group was founded by Friedrich Jungheinrich, born on October 20, 1899. It began as H. Jungheinrich & Co. Maschinefabrik, in Hamburg, Germany on August 7, 1953.[2]

That same year, the company unveiled its first electric four-wheeled lift truck, known as the Ameise 55. The year 1953 also marked the beginning of the company’s own subsidiary and service network, the first branch of which was opened in Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.

[edit] Product Development through the Years

In 1956 H. Jungheinrich & Co. developed its first reach truck: the Retrak. It also began developing and producing electric motors.

In 1958 the first Jungheinrich IC engine diesel-powered counterbalance truck, the Ameise 65 DFG 15 G, was introduced.

In 1960 the company produced its first wheel-supported lift truck, the Ameise Junior. This model incorporated tiller steering and starter batteries. It allowed smaller-sized companies to “maximize the advantages of pallet storage.” [3]

The company’s product line continued to grow in 1962 as it unveiled its Teletrak line of AGVs.

Jungheinrich reached new heights in 1968 with the introduction of the new high-stacking and narrow-aisle truck: the ETX. With its higher reach and ability to move in narrow spaces, this truck facilitated better use of store house height. This development would be the last one in Dr. Friedrich Jungheinrich’s lifetime; he passed on January 28, 1968.[4]

[edit] Ever-expanding the Sales Network

In the late 1950s through the ‘60s the company began to extend its sales reach into various countries. In 1956 Jungheinrich established a sales subsidiary in Austria – its first one outside Germany.

The following year, Jungheinrich began constructing a manufacturing facility in Hamburg-Wandsbek, Germany. When the plant opened in 1958, Jungheinrich’s manufacturing capacity was significantly increased. The company’s network extended even further that year when sales subsidiaries were opened in Italy and Sweden.

In 1960 Jungheinrich opened its first sales office in Switzerland. Two years later, another one was opened, this time in France. The following year, Jungheinrich opened sale sites in the Netherlands and the U.K.

In 1966 the company began to purchase land to accommodate future growth. The first manufacturing facility to be built on the newly-purchased land was in Norderstedt, Germany.

In 1967 a sales office was opened in Denmark. Two more sales offices were opened in Norway and Spain, in 1969 and 1970 respectively.

[edit] New Business Focuses and Continued Growth

With the early ‘70s came an emphasis on order-picking in the warehouse logistics process. As a result, Jungheinrich began developing order-picking equipment in 1972.

In 1974 the company delved into the business of equipment rental and used equipment sales.

While expanding its business scope, Jungheinrich continued to established sales offices outside of Germany—in 1976 a subsidiary was opened in Belgium.

The company added automated lift trucks to its operations in 1982 when it introduced its automatic swing fork lift truck. This was also the year in which its first all-wheel drive, cantilevered electric three-wheel lift truck product range was unveiled to the world as an alternative to the common rear-wheel drive trucks. Following this development, Jungheinrich built a new manufacturing facility in Norderstedt.

Jungheinrich’s business continued to grow and improve through the ‘80s with the introduction of automated, computer-controlled production processes. The Norderstedt factory was converted to accommodate the new practices.

In 1987 the company attained more than DM 1 billion for the first time, and had 5,330 employees.[5]

The late ‘80s were a time of reorganization for the company. In 1988 it consolidated various divisions: management of the new product sales, rental, and used truck business and the repair shop and service division was now centralized in Germany.

In 1989 the company built a new factory in Luenburg, Germany for the production of special and small-lot items.

Jungheinrich became a public company on August 30, 1990.[6]

[edit] Widening the Business Scope

After the company went public, it established a number of new sales offices.

In 1992 Jungheinrich opened offices in the Czech Republic and Hungary; and the following year, in Dresden and Bremen. The establishment of other sales offices in various locations throughout Europe, Asia, and Scandinavia followed into the 21st century.

In 2000, following the opening of numerous sales subsidiary offices, the company established Jungheinrich Lift Truck Corp. USA.

In 2001 Jungheinrich joined material handling company Linde to set up an e-commerce company they named Supralift.

A year after the establishment of Supralift, Jungheinrich opened a spare parts logistics center in Lahr, close to Offenburg.

In 2004 the company entered a joint venture with Ningbo Ruyi (P.R. China) for the supply of Jungheinrich [[pallet trucks|hand pallet truck.]]

The year following the joint venture, Jungheinrich delivered its 100,000th forklift truck with AC technology. As well, Jungheinrich unveiled the world’s first rotating cabin lift truck.[7]

In 2006 Jungheinrich established a new manufacturing facility in Qingpu, a district in Shanghai, China. The same year, it opened a refurbishing plant for used forklifts in Dresden, Germany.

[edit] Other Developments: ‘90s into the New Millennium

The company continued to introduce new products to the market throughout the ‘90s, such as the “drive-in-system” (DIS) deep stacking system in 1991.

In 1994 the company introduced the comFOUR concept—financing, leasing, or renting options for customers who were not in a position to buy equipment outright. As well, locations in Norderstedt, Wandsbek, and Lueneburg became certified according to the DIN ISO 9001 quality assurance system.

The following year, the company unveiled its first reach truck with a central control lever, known as the “Multi-Pilot.”

The year 1997 was significant for the company as it received the Best Practice Company Award in after-sales service from the University of St. Gallen.[8] Also in 1997, Jungheinrich began producing the AC counterbalance truck EFG-VD 25/30 and started offering all diesel and LPG trucks with alternative hydrostatic or hydrokinetic drive systems.

In 1998 the company obtained DIN ISO 14001 certification for its environmental management standard. This was also the year in which Jungheinrich developed its first reach truck, known as the Retrak ETV 14, for wheelchair drivers.

In 1999 the company introduced its newly-developed hand pallet trucks—from 1957 up to this point, close to 2.5 million hand pallet trucks had been produced.[9]

August 7, 2003 marked the 50-year anniversary of Jungheinrich.

Jungheinrich underwent restructuring in 2007 in various areas. German sales, export sales, the Norderstedt plant and the Norderstedt spare parts logistics facility were turned into autonomous limited partnerships. The company also established a spare parts logistics center in Bratislava, Slovakia.

[edit] The Company Today

Today, Jungheinrich has more than 600 sales consultants and over 2,900 mobile service engineers in Europe alone. It also has sales and service offices in over 30 countries outside of Europe.[10]

The company continues to be headquartered in Hamburg with 17 sale sites in other cities in Germany.[11]

Hans-Georg Frey is the chairman of the board of management.

[edit] Equipment List

[edit] References

  1. About. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  2. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  3. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  4. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  5. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  6. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  7. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  8. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  9. History. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  10. About. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.
  11. About. Official Jungheinrich website. 03-05-09.

[edit] External Links