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Propane

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Propane is a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or LP-gas),[1] a type of combustible hydrocarbon fuel that is produced as a by-product of natural gas processing and crude oil refining.[2] Propane is normally stored as a vaporous gas at normal pressure and temperatures of –44 degress Fahrenheit,[3] but can also be processed into liquid form if subjected to increased pressure.[4] It is often stored and transported in its compressed liquid form in a pressurized storage container and, when released from the container for commercial use, is a vaporized gas.[5]

As fuel propane is nontoxic, colorless, and virtually odorless, an identifying odor is usually added to propane making it more easily distinguishable. The three grades of propane are HD5, used as fuel in cars, trucks, and power plant engines; commercial propane for heating and barbecue; and a commercial propane butane mix.[6]

Compared to gasoline, the energy content of propane is 75 percent. The advantage of this is that propane for use in vehicles has a high-octane reading of 105.[7]

[edit] References

  1. What is Propane? National Propane Gas Association. 2008-09-29.
  2. What's Propane. Alternative Fuels. 2008-09-29.
  3. Car Accessories. Canada Free Press. 2008-09-29.
  4. Propane. EIA. 2008-09-29.
  5. Propane. EIA. 2008-09-29.
  6. Propane. Canada Free Press. 2008-09-29.
  7. Propane. Canada Free Press. 2008-09-29.